Etiology, course, and treatment of anxiety disorders

Etiology, course, and treatment of anxiety disorders

Etiology

Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent category of mental health problems in the general population, collectively affecting almost 1 in 5 individuals in a given year and 1 in 4 over a lifetime. These problems typically onset during childhood and are associated with serious impairments in academic, peer, and family functioning. When left untreated, anxiety disorders can persist into adulthood, iStock_000012320519_Mediumduring which time they are associated with the presence of other psychiatric conditions, physical comorbidities, substance use, suicidal thoughts and behaviors, and overall reduced health-related quality of life.

The MINT Program is actively engaged in a range of funded research programs working to elucidate the causes, presentations, burdens, and optimal treatment of anxiety disorders across the lifespan. Toward this end our research investigates disordered, high-risk, and community populations, embracing a Childdiversity of inquiry methods, ranging from randomized clinical experiments and quasi-experimental designs to nationally-representative epidemiological surveys, longitudinal designs, meta-analyses, and single-case designs.

 

Representative anxiety research from the MINT Program (for a full list, click here):

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Comer, J.S., Furr, J.M., Kerns, C.E., Miguel, E., Coxe, S., Elkins, R.M., Carpenter, A.L., Cornacchio, D., Cooper-Vince, C.E., DeSerisy, M., Chou, T., Sanchez, A.L., Khanna, M., Franklin, M.E., Garcia, A.M., & Freeman, J.B. (in press). Internet-delivered, family-based treatment for early-onset OCD: A pilot randomized trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.

Cornacchio, D., Crum, K.I., Coxe, S., Pincus, D.B., & Comer, J.S. (2016). Irritability and severity of anxious symptomatology among youth with anxiety disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 55, 54-61.

Sanchez, A.L., Kendall, P.C., & Comer, J.S. (2016). Evaluating the intergenerational link between maternal and child intolerance of uncertainty: A preliminary cross-sectional examination. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 40, 532-539.

Cooper-Vince, C., Chou, T., Furr, J.M., Puliafico, A.C., & Comer, J.S. (2016). Videoteleconferencing early child anxiety treatment: A case study of the Internet-delivered CALM (I-CALM) Program. Evidence-Based Practice in Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 1, 24-39.

Peterman, J.S., Carper, M.M., Elkins, R.M., Comer, J.S., Pincus, D.B., & Kendall, P.C. (2016). The effects of cognitive behavioral therapy for youth anxiety on sleep problems. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 37, 78-88.

Cornacchio, D., Chou, T., Sacks, H., Pincus, D.B., & Comer, J.S. (2015). Clinical consequences of the revised DSM-5 definition of agoraphobia in treatment-seeking anxious youth. Depression and Anxiety, 7, 502-508.

Weiner, C.L., Elkins, R.M., Pincus, D.B., & Comer, J.S. (2015). Anxiety sensitivity and sleep-related problems in anxious youth. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 32, 66-72.

Comer, J.S., & Barlow, D.H. (2014). The occasional case against broad dissemination and implementation: Retaining a role for specialty care in the delivery of psychological treatments. American Psychologist, 69, 1-18.

Comer, J.S., Furr, J.M., Cooper-Vince, C., Kerns, C., Chan, P.T., Edson, A.L., Khanna, M., Franklin, M.E., Garcia, A.M., & Freeman, J.B. (2014).  Internet-delivered, family-based treatment for early-onset OCD: A preliminary case series. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 43, 74-87 .

Cooper-Vince, C., Emmert-Aronson, B., Pincus, D.B., Comer, J.S. (2014). The diagnostic utility of separation anxiety disorder symptoms: An item response theory analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 417-428.

Cooper-Vince, C., Pincus, D.B., & Comer, J.S. (2014). Maternal intrusiveness, family financial means, and anxiety across childhood in a large multiphase sample of community youth. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 429-438.

Elkins, R.M., Pincus, D.B., & Comer, J.S. (2014). A psychometric evaluation of the Panic Disorder Severity Scale for Children and Adolescents. Psychological Assessment, 26, 609-618.

Thompson-Hollands, J., Edson, A., Tompson, M.C., & Comer, J.S. (2014). Family involvement in the psychological treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder: A meta-analysis. Journal of Family Psychology, 28, 287-298. 

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Barlow D.H., & Comer, J.S. (2013). What are the optimal treatment courses for geriatric anxiety, and how do we find out? American Journal of Psychiatry, 170, 707-711.

Gallo, K.P., Comer, J.S., & Barlow, D.H. (2013). Direct-to-consumer marketing of psychological treatments for anxiety disorders. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 27, 793-801.

Read, K.L., Comer, J.S., & Kendall, P.C. (2013). The Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale for Children (IUSC): Discriminating principal anxiety diagnoses and severity. Psychological Assessment, 25, 722-729.

Kerns, C.E., Comer, J.S., Pincus, D.B., & Hofmann, S.G. (2013) Evaluation of the proposed social anxiety disorder specifier change for DSM-5 in a treatment-seeking sample of anxious youth. Depression and Anxiety, 30,  709-715.

Comer, J.S., Gallo, K., Korathu-Larson, P.A., Pincus, D., & Brown, T.A. (2012). Specifying child anxiety disorders not otherwise specified in the DSM-IV. Depression and Anxiety, 29, 1004-1013.

Comer, J.S., Pincus, D.P., & Hofmann, S.G. (2012). Generalized anxiety disorder and the proposed associated symptoms criterion change for DSM-5 in a treatment-seeking sample of anxious youth. Depression and Anxiety, 29, 994-1003.

Comer, J.S., Puliafico, A.C., Aschenbrand, S.G, McKnight, K., Robin, J.A., Goldfine, M., & Albano, A.M. (2012). A pilot feasibility evaluation of the CALM Program for anxiety disorders in early childhood. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26, 40-49.

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Comer, J.S., Mojtabai, R., & Olfson, M. (2011). National trends in the antipsychotic treatment of psychiatric outpatients with anxiety disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 1057-1065.

Comer, J.S., Blanco, C., Grant, B., Hasin, D., Liu, S.M., Turner, J.B., & Olfson, M. (2011). Health-related quality of life across the anxiety disorders: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 72, 43-50.

Comer, J.S., Roy, A.K., Furr, J.M., Gotimer, K., Beidas, R.S., Dugas, M.J., & Kendall, P.C. (2009). The Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale for Children: A psychometric evaluation. Psychological Assessment, 21, 402-411.

Kendall, P.C., Comer, J.S., Marker, C.D., Creed, T.A., Puliafico, A.C., Hughes, A.A., Martin, E., Suveg, C., & Hudson, J.L.  (2009). In-session exposure tasks and therapeutic alliance across the treatment of childhood anxiety disorders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 517-525.

Comer, J.S., Furr, J.M., Beidas, R.S., Babyar, H., & Kendall, P.C. (2008). Media use and children’s perceptions of societal threat and personal vulnerability. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 37, 622-630.

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Hudson, J., Comer, J.S., & Kendall, P.C. (2008). Parental responses to positive and negative emotions in anxious and non-anxious children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 37, 1-11.

Puliafico, A.C., Comer, J.S., & Kendall, P.C. (2007). Social phobia in youth: The diagnostic utility of feared social situations. Psychological Assessment, 19, 152-158.

very high towerComer, J.S., & Kendall, P.C. (2005). High-end specificity of the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) in a sample of anxiety-disordered youth. Depression and Anxiety, 22, 11-19.

Comer, J.S., & Kendall, P.C. (2004) A symptom-level examination of parent-child agreement in the diagnosis of anxious youths. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 878-886.

Comer, J.S., Kendall, P.C., Franklin, M.E., Hudson, J.L., & Pimentel, S.S. (2004). Obsessing/worrying about the overlap between obsessive-compulsive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder in youth. Clinical Psychology Review, 24, 663-683.